warn


warn
warn, forewarn, caution can mean to let one know of ap-proaching or possible danger or risk.
Warn is the most comprehensive of these terms; in most of its senses it stresses a timely notification that makes possible the avoidance of a dangerous or inconvenient situation
{

warn ships of an approaching hurricane

}
{

five minutes before the end of the class period, a bell rings to warn teachers and pupils

}
{

the steamship company warned those who had taken tickets of the advanced sailing

}
Additionally, the word may carry an implication of admonition
{

warned him of the consequences of his folly

}
or of exhortation
{

the priestly brotherhood ... prompt to persuade, expostulate, and warnCowper

}
or of threats of punishment, reprisal, or personal violence
{

I shall not take him at his word about fishing, as he might change his mind another day, and warn me off his grounds— Austen

}
Forewarn carries a stronger implication of advance notification than warn and may also suggest impending though not imminent danger or peril
{

I will arm me, being thus forewarned—Shak.

}
{

he knew not one forewarning pain— Wordsworth

}
Caution commonly emphasizes advice that puts one on one's guard or that suggests precautions 1cautioned him against unwarranted expectations
{

the doctor cautioned him against overindulgence in strenuous exercise

}
Analogous words: apprise, *inform, advise, notify: admonish (see REPROVE): advise, counsel (see under ADVICE)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • warn — W2S3 [wo:n US wo:rn] v [I and T] [: Old English; Origin: warnian] 1.) to tell someone that something bad or dangerous may happen, so that they can avoid it or prevent it ▪ Be careful, the rocks are slippery, Alex warned. warn sb about sth ▪… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • warn — [ wɔrn ] verb intransitive or transitive *** 1. ) to make someone conscious of a possible problem or danger so they will not be hurt: Police are warning all women in the area to be on their guard. warn against: Recent studies warn against… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • warn´er — warn «wrn», transitive verb. 1. to give notice to in advance; put on guard (against danger, evil, or harm). 2. to give notice to; inform: »The whistle warned visitors that the ship was ready to sail. SYNONYM(S): appraise, notify. 3. to give… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Warn — Warn, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Warned}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Warning}.] [OE. warnen, warnien, AS. warnian, wearnian, to take heed, to warn; akin to AS. wearn denial, refusal, OS. warning, wernian, to refuse, OHG. warnen, G. warnen to warn, OFries. warna …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • WARN — I verb admonish, advise, alert, apprise, caution, caution against danger, communicate to, counsel, deter, discourage, dissuade, exhort, expostulate, forebode, forewarn, give warning, herald, inform, make aware, notice, notify, portend, predict,… …   Law dictionary

  • Warn — (w[add]rn), v. t. [OE. wernen, AS. weornan, wyrnan. Cf. {Warn} to admonish.] To refuse. [Written also {wern}, {worn}.] [Obs.] Chaucer. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • warn — (v.) O.E. warnian to give notice of impending danger, also intransitive, to take heed, from W.Gmc. *warnojanan (Cf. O.N. varna to admonish, O.H.G. warnon to take heed, Ger. warnen to warn ); related to O.E. wær aware, cautious (see WARY (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • warn — ► VERB 1) inform of a possible danger, problem, etc. 2) give (someone) cautionary advice about actions or conduct. 3) (warn off) order (someone) to keep away or to refrain from doing something. ORIGIN Old English …   English terms dictionary

  • warn — verb is traditionally a transitive verb with a grammatical object corresponding to the person or people receiving the warning: She warned them of the danger / She warned them that it was unsafe. In the 20c an intransitive use with a following… …   Modern English usage

  • warn — [v] give notice of possible occurrence acquaint, address, admonish, advise, advocate, alert, apprise, caution, clue, clue in*, counsel, cry wolf*, deprecate, direct, dissuade, enjoin, exhort, fill in, forbid, forearm, forewarn, give fair warning …   New thesaurus


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.